15 May 1997 Processing parameter optimization for thermochemical writing of DOEs on chromium films
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Proceedings Volume 3010, Diffractive and Holographic Device Technologies and Applications IV; (1997); doi: 10.1117/12.274415
Event: Photonics West '97, 1997, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
Computer-generated holograms are limited by conventional lithographic fabrication capabilities which rely on accurate deposition, exposure, and developing of photosensitive chemicals. We present an alternate fabrication technology that uses a focused laser beam to write patterns by inducing a thermochemical change in a bare metal film. The patterns are developed using a single etching step that dissolves the non- exposed metal. The thermochemical writing method allows holograms to be directly written onto large-diameter, thick, and non-flat substrates, requiring no intermediate steps that compromise the ultimate accuracy. Circular patterns for optical testing were written using a polar-coordinate laser writer. The laser power and control requirements are shown to be modest and the etching is shown to be tolerant of temperature and concentration variations. The technology is demonstrated with the fabrication of CGHs up to 136 mm in diameter used for optical testing.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Vadim V. Cherkashin, Evgeny G. Churin, Victor Pavlovich Korolkov, Voldemar Petrovich Koronkevich, Andrey A. Kharissov, Alexander G. Poleshchuk, James H. Burge, "Processing parameter optimization for thermochemical writing of DOEs on chromium films", Proc. SPIE 3010, Diffractive and Holographic Device Technologies and Applications IV, (15 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.274415; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.274415
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KEYWORDS
Holograms

Etching

Chromium

Computer generated holography

Optical fabrication

Wavefronts

Laser applications

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