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15 May 1997 Haptic display for the VR arthroscopy training simulator
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A specific desire to find new training methods arose from the new fields called 'minimal invasive surgery.' With the technical advance modern video arthroscopy became the standard procedure in the ORs. Holding the optical system with the video camera in one hand, watching the operation field on the monitor, the other hand was free to guide, e.g., a probe. As arthroscopy became a more common procedure it became obvious that some sort of special training was necessary to guarantee a certain level of qualification of the surgeons. Therefore, a hospital in Frankfurt, Germany approached the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics to develop a training system for arthroscopy based on VR techniques. At least the main drawback of the developed simulator is the missing of haptic perception, especially of force feedback. In cooperation with the Department of Electro-Mechanical Construction at the Darmstadt Technical University we have designed and built a haptic display for the VR arthroscopy training simulator. In parallel we developed a concept for the integration of the haptic display in a configurable way.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Rolf Ziegler, Christoph Brandt, Christian Kunstmann, Wolfgang Mueller, and Holger Werkhaeuser "Haptic display for the VR arthroscopy training simulator", Proc. SPIE 3012, Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems IV, (15 May 1997);

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