3 June 1997 Gestalt laws of grouping revisited and quantified
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Abstract
The classic Gestalt laws of grouping by proximity and grouping by similarity have never been quantified, nor have their interactions been specified with any degree of precision. I will present a number of experimental and theoretical results from my lab, based on the responses of human observers to repeated brief (approximately 300 ms) presentations of perceptually multi-stable periodic dot patterns. I will show that the distribution of the probability of seeing any one of the possible perceptual interpretations is: (1) scale invariant, (2) changes little with reductions in duration to 100 ms, (3) can be predicted exactly on the assumption that dots are attracted to group with each other by a force that decays exponentially with the distance between them. I will also show that factors such the non-uniformity of lightness of dots in the lattice interact additively with the strength of grouping by proximity. I will also show how the fact that grouping is a hierarchical process expresses itself within the framework of the proposed model.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michael Kubovy, Michael Kubovy, } "Gestalt laws of grouping revisited and quantified", Proc. SPIE 3016, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging II, (3 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.274537; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.274537
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