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24 January 1997 Lip synchronization within an adaptive VOD system
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Many current distributed multimedia applications such as video on demand (VOD) are designed, implemented and used on top of general purpose OS and network platforms. Within this 'best-effort' environment, applications must use adaptive synchronization protocols and balance non-deterministic behavior of the underlying OS/network subsystem to achieve user acceptance for lip synchronization of the audio-visual information. We have designed, implemented and validated an adaptive synchronization scheme integrating adaptive services and synchronization protocols to provide lip synchronization within a VOD system. Our results indicate that most of the synchronization skew values are in the user desirable range of ms and that the remaining skew values are in the user acceptable range of ms.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Lintian Qiao and Klara Nahrstedt "Lip synchronization within an adaptive VOD system", Proc. SPIE 3020, Multimedia Computing and Networking 1997, (24 January 1997);

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