17 January 1997 Computing RAMs for media processing
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Abstract
Integrating processing elements in DRAM makes very large bus widths available: at least 2K processing elements fit in a 4 Mb chip or 4 K in a 16 Mb DRAM. The processors can add an area overhead as low as 10% and power overhead of about 10 - 25%. To get these efficiencies, the processors have to be pitch-matched to the DRAM. Interprocessor communication is also severely limited, especially when going 'off-chip' while retaining low-cost packaging. These 'computing RAMs' (C$CCLRAM) can form the main memory for SISD or MIMD hosts, making their contributions to the computing load scalable. The SIMD nature of C$CCLRAM matches large image-processing tasks with high uniformity and locality of reference, making real-time DCT, anti-aliasing and a variety of transformations available at the low cost required for consumer applications. Even given a PE 'budget' of 70 - 200 transistors, and with the limited interconnect characteristic of low-cost DRAM, there are quite a few architectural choices available to the computer architect. These can be made to favor the data widths and operations needed for image processing while retaining good generality.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Duncan Elliott, Duncan Elliott, W. Martin Snelgrove, W. Martin Snelgrove, Christian Cojocaru, Christian Cojocaru, Michael Stumm, Michael Stumm, } "Computing RAMs for media processing", Proc. SPIE 3021, Multimedia Hardware Architectures 1997, (17 January 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.263527; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.263527
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