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17 January 1997 Mapping of application software to the multimedia instructions of general-purpose microprocessors
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Proceedings Volume 3021, Multimedia Hardware Architectures 1997; (1997) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.263506
Event: Electronic Imaging '97, 1997, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
This paper describes how media processing programs may be accelerated by using the multimedia instruction extensions that have been added to general-purpose microprocessors. As a concrete example, it describes MAX2, a minimalist, second- generation set of multimedia instructions included in the PA-RISC 2.0 processor architecture. MAX2 implements subword parallel instructions, which utilize the microprocessor's 64-bit wide data paths to process multiple pieces of lower- precision data in parallel. It also includes innovative, new instructions like Mix, which are very useful for matrix transpose and other common data rearrangements. The paper examines some typical multimedia kernels, like block match, matrix transpose, box filter and the IDCT, coded with and without the MAX2 instructions, to illustrate programming techniques for exploiting subword parallelism and superscalar instruction parallelism. The kernels using MAX2 show significant speedups in execution time, and more efficient utilization of the processor's resources.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ruby B. Lee and Larry McMahan "Mapping of application software to the multimedia instructions of general-purpose microprocessors", Proc. SPIE 3021, Multimedia Hardware Architectures 1997, (17 January 1997); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.263506
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