22 May 1997 Full-field direct digital telemammography: preliminary
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Abstract
Full-field direct digital mammography has many advantages over the conventional film/screen imaging detector. Among these are larger dynamic range, lower scattering noise, and the possibility of using it for telemammography applications to alleviate the shortage of expert mammographers. We are in the process of developing a full-field direct digital telemammography imaging chain to investigate its usefulness for telediagnosis, teleconsultation, and telemanagement. This paper describes the first phase of a three-year research program to set up a full-field direct digital mammography (FFDDM) imaging chain at the Breast Imaging Section connecting the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center and the Mt. Zion Hospital in the San Francisco Bay area. The chain consists of two FFDDM system, and two 2,500 line two-monitor workstations. An OC-3 155 Mbits/sec asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) communication network is used to connect the FFDDM and the two workstations. The FFDDM is based on a slot scan CCD detector which can image a full breast with 3,100 X 3,870 pixels, and produce a direct digital image with 50 micron pixel size. Preliminary results of the FFDDM demonstrate that it has a greater dynamic range and lower detector noise than that of a film-screen detector, and that the scattered radiation is reduced without using a grid. However, the spatial resolution is less than that of the conventional screen/film system. The 2K workstation can display simultaneously any two or four full-view mammographic images by either scrolling or subsampling on the two monitors. Display of an image takes about 1.5 seconds from the RAID disks. The ATM can transmit a 32 Mbyte digital mammogram from the FFDDM to the workstation in 3-4 seconds.
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Shyhliang A. Lou, Shyhliang A. Lou, Edward A. Sickles, Edward A. Sickles, H. K. Huang, H. K. Huang, Fei Cao, Fei Cao, David R. Hoogstrate, David R. Hoogstrate, Mohammad I. Jahangiri, Mohammad I. Jahangiri, } "Full-field direct digital telemammography: preliminary", Proc. SPIE 3035, Medical Imaging 1997: PACS Design and Evaluation: Engineering and Clinical Issues, (22 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.274593; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.274593
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