16 April 1997 Radiologists' ability to discriminate computer-detected true and false positives from an automated scheme for the detection of clustered microcalcifications on digital mammograms
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Abstract
There is evidence that computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) can be used to improve radiologists' performance. However, one of the potential drawbacks of CAD is that a computer-detected false positive may induce a false positive by a radiologist. To examine this issue, we performed two experiments to compare radiologists' false positives with those of the computer and to determine radiologists' ability to discriminate between the computer's true- and false-positive detections. In the first experiment, radiologists were shown 50 mammograms and on each film were asked to indicate 3 regions that could contain clustered microcalcifications, and using a 100-point scale, to give their level of confidence that microcalcifications were present in the region. In the second experiment, the radiologists were shown regions-of-interest, printed on film, containing either a computer-detected true cluster or a computer- detected false positive. The radiologists gave their confidence that there were actual clustered microcalcifications present. There was less than 1% overlap between false positives by the computer and radiologists. Furthermore, based on ROC analysis, radiologists were able to discriminate between computer true and false positives.
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Robert M. Nishikawa, Robert M. Nishikawa, Dulcy E. Wolverton, Dulcy E. Wolverton, Robert A. Schmidt, Robert A. Schmidt, John Papaioannou, John Papaioannou, } "Radiologists' ability to discriminate computer-detected true and false positives from an automated scheme for the detection of clustered microcalcifications on digital mammograms", Proc. SPIE 3036, Medical Imaging 1997: Image Perception, (16 April 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.271293; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.271293
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