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9 May 1997 Need for and benefits of launch vibration isolation
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Abstract
Spacecraft designs are driven by the necessity of the spacecraft to survive being launched into orbit. This launch environment consists of structure-borne vibrations transmitted to the payload through the payload attach fitting (PAF) and acoustic excitation. Here we present a discussion on the need for and benefit of isolating the structure-borne vibrations. If the PAF were replaced with an isolator with the correct characteristics the potential benefits would be significant. These benefits include reduced spacecraft structural weight and cost, as well as increased life and reliability. This paper presents an overview of the problem of vibration on a launch vehicle payload and the benefits that an isolating PAF would provide. The structure-borne vibrations experienced by a spacecraft during launch are made up of transient, shock, and periodic oscillations originating in the engines, pyrotechnic separation systems, and from aerodynamic loading. Any isolation system used by the launch vehicle must satisfy critical launch vehicle constraints on weight, cost, and rattle space. A discussion of these points is presented from the perspective of both a launch vehicle manufacturer and a spacecraft manufacturer/user.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Andrew S. Bicos, Conor D. Johnson, and L. Porter Davis "Need for and benefits of launch vibration isolation", Proc. SPIE 3045, Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Passive Damping and Isolation, (9 May 1997); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.274214
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