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13 August 1997 Distribution-patterned radiometers: a new paradigm for irradiance measurement
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This paper introduces a new approach to measuring infrared radiant flux density. Thermal sensors featuring a significant metering area from 3 mm2 to 25 cm2 can be achieved by way of distributing the sensing surface upon an appropriate plated-planar thermopile. Despite a low figure of merit regarding bimetallic structures, low noise, rugged, thin and even flexible devices are made in the laboratory. Such sensors have neither to be covered with a protective widow nor to be placed in an insulating gas, thanks to their inherent immunity against convection afforded by the differential behavior of their structure. Hence wide spectrum infrared measurements, and experiments undergoing a wide range of pressure, are allowed with distribution-patterned radiometers. Current techniques of manufacture are reviewed together with the philosophical arguments concerning the distributed layout of monolithic thermopiles. Since such devices can be directly deposited upon various dielectric materials, many an application in military and space research can be expected. As regards industrialization, those multipurpose sensors meet the necessary requirements of self-calibrating ability, good reproducibility, fast response (#20 ms), ruggedness, and low cost. It is expected that the versatility of the device will result in a wide number of industrial applications.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Etienne Gaviot, Pascale Godts, Frederic Polet, Katir Ziouche, Florian Raucoules, and Didier Leclercq "Distribution-patterned radiometers: a new paradigm for irradiance measurement", Proc. SPIE 3061, Infrared Technology and Applications XXIII, (13 August 1997);

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