28 July 1997 Tracking ballistic missile warheads using a generalized motion model
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Proceedings Volume 3068, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition VI; (1997); doi: 10.1117/12.280806
Event: AeroSense '97, 1997, Orlando, FL, United States
Abstract
Neutralizing the threat of a incoming ballistic missile is a difficult task. Often the missile disintegrates, leaving the warhead surrounded by a number of ballistic fragments. Thus, the challenge is for the interceptor to identify and track the targets so that a successful strike can be achieved. This paper addresses the problem of using noisy image sequence data captured by on-board sensors in the nose cone of the interceptor to track target fragments. We propose an approach based on a generalized motion model that can accurately represent motion caused by rotation, translation, and scaling. An efficient iterative estimation algorithm is presented to calculate motion parameters and the computational complexity of the tracking system is evaluated. Results show the proposed scheme performs significantly better than simple block-based motion estimation approaches.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Joseph W. Monaco, Mark J. T. Smith, "Tracking ballistic missile warheads using a generalized motion model", Proc. SPIE 3068, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition VI, (28 July 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.280806; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.280806
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KEYWORDS
Detection and tracking algorithms

Motion estimation

Motion models

Missiles

Optical flow

Computer simulations

Computing systems

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