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27 March 1997 Automated segmentation and feature extraction of product inspection items
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Abstract
X-ray film and linescan images of pistachio nuts on conveyor trays for product inspection are considered. The final objective is the categorization of pistachios into good, blemished and infested nuts. A crucial step before classification is the separation of touching products and the extraction of features essential for classification. This paper addresses new detection and segmentation algorithms to isolate touching or overlapping items. These algorithms employ a new filter, a new watershed algorithm, and morphological processing to produce nutmeat-only images. Tests on a large database of x-ray film and real-time x-ray linescan images of around 2900 small, medium and large nuts showed excellent segmentation results. A new technique to detect and segment dark regions in nutmeat images is also presented and tested on approximately 300 x-ray film and approximately 300 real-time linescan x-ray images with 95-97 percent detection and correct segmentation. New algorithms are described that determine nutmeat fill ratio and locate splits in nutmeat. The techniques formulated in this paper are of general use in many different product inspection and computer vision problems.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ashit Talukder and David P. Casasent "Automated segmentation and feature extraction of product inspection items", Proc. SPIE 3073, Optical Pattern Recognition VIII, (27 March 1997); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.270355
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