4 April 1997 Method for star identification using neural networks
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Identification of star constellations with an onboard star tracker provides the highest precision of all attitude determination techniques for spacecraft. A method for identification of star constellations inspired by neural network (NNW) techniques is presented. It compares feature vectors derived from histograms of distances to multiple stars around the unknown star. The NNW method appears most robust with respect to position noise and would require a smaller database than conventional methods, especially for small fields of view. The neural network method is quite slow when performed on a sequential (serial) processor, but would provide very high speed if implemented in special hardware. Such hardware solutions could also yield lower low weight and low power consumption, both important features for small satellites.
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Clark S. Lindsey, Clark S. Lindsey, Thomas Lindblad, Thomas Lindblad, Age J. Eide, Age J. Eide, "Method for star identification using neural networks", Proc. SPIE 3077, Applications and Science of Artificial Neural Networks III, (4 April 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.271545; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.271545

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