22 July 1997 Electromagnetic scattering and detection of mines near a rough air-ground interface
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Time-domain scattering from a fixed target in the presence of a rough surface is considered, with application to ground penetrating radar. The time-domain scattering data are computed via a 2D finite-difference time-domain algorithm. In addition to examining the statistics of the time-domain fields scattered from such a surface, we investigate subsurface-target detection by employing a matched-filter detector. Such a detector is characterized by its receiver operating characteristics, which quantifies the probability of detection and probability of false alarm. Plane-wave incidence is considered, with emphasis on low-grazing-angle backscattering.
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Traian Dogaru, Lawrence Carin, Barbara L. Merchant, Check F. Lee, "Electromagnetic scattering and detection of mines near a rough air-ground interface", Proc. SPIE 3079, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets II, (22 July 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.280899; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.280899

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