15 July 1997 Integrated approach to IR simulation and FPA test electronics
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The Arnold Engineering Development Center (AEDC) Scene Generation Test Capability program has completed the development of a laser based Direct Write Scene Generation (DWSG) facility that provides dynamic mission simulation testing for infrared (IR) Focal Plane Arrays (FPAs) and their associated signal processing electronics. The AEDC DWSG Focal Plane Array Test Capability includes lasers operating at 0.514, 1.06, 5.4, or 10.6 micrometers , and Acousto- Optic Deflectors (AODs) which modulate the laser beam position and amplitude. Complex Radio Frequency (RF) electronics controls each AOD by providing multi-frequency inputs. These inputs produce a highly accurate and independent multi-beam deflection, or `rake', that is swept across the FPA sensor under test. Each RF amplitude input to an AOD translates into an accurate and independent beam intensity in the rake. Issues such as scene fidelity, sensor frame rates, scenario length, and real-time laser beam position adjustments require RF control electronics that employs the use of advanced analog and digital signal processing techniques and designs. By implementing flexible system architectures in the electronics, the overall capability of the DWSG to adapt to emerging test requirements is greatly enhanced. Presented in this paper is an overview of the signal processing methodology and designs required to handle the DWSG requirement. Further, the paper will summarize the current status of recent AEDC technology efforts tasked with the implementation of real-time and closed-loop scene manipulation including sensor optical simulation using the DWSG. The paper will describe a proof- of-principle demonstration which used high speed digital signal processors inherent in the DWSG electronic design to compute the rotation, translation, optical effects via convolution, and system calibration functions during scene projection. Additionally, recent concepts which are based on DWSG electronic designs to enable integrated multi-sensor testing will be presented. These concepts establish a method for the separate or simultaneous test and evaluation of different IR sensor types using various kinds of sensor stimulation. Examples of sensor stimulation would include laser based projection such as DWSG or resistive-thermal arrays, and direct analog or digital signal injection schemes.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
R. H. Fugerer, Lanny L. Holt, Sidney L. Steely, D. I. Jennings, "Integrated approach to IR simulation and FPA test electronics", Proc. SPIE 3084, Technologies for Synthetic Environments: Hardware-in-the-Loop Testing II, (15 July 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.280964; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.280964

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