4 April 1997 Comparative studies of metal cutting with high-power lasers
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Proceedings Volume 3092, XI International Symposium on Gas Flow and Chemical Lasers and High-Power Laser Conference; (1997) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.270183
Event: XI International Symposium on Gas Flow and Chemical Lasers and High Power Laser Conference, 1996, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Abstract
The most widely used high power industrial lasers are Nd:YAG and carbon-dioxide lasers. Chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL), whose wavelength (1.315 micrometer) is between that of YAG (1.06 micrometer) and carbon-dioxide (10.6 micrometer) lasers, is another high power laser for industrial applications. The cutting capability of these lasers is investigated. The cut depth depends strongly on the absorptivity of materials, kerf width and cutting speed. Absorptivity is an unknown parameter for which experimental data at high temperatures are unavailable. Theoretical values of the absorptivities of various metals are obtained using Hagen-Ruben's relation. It is found that the absorptivity of metals is linearly proportional to the square root of resistivity and inversely proportional to the square root of the wavelength. The absorptivities of COIL ad YAG lasers are 2.84 and 3.16 times larger than that of carbon-dioxide laser, respectively. Based on the theoretical values of absorptivity, the cut depth of metals are analyzed for various laser powers, cutting speeds for these lasers. Due to the wavelength dependence of absorptivity, the cut depths for COIL and YAG lasers are expected to be 2.84 and 3.16 times deeper than that for carbon-dioxide laser.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
J. Xie, J. Xie, Aravinda Kar, Aravinda Kar, James A. Rothenflue, James A. Rothenflue, W. Pete Latham, W. Pete Latham, "Comparative studies of metal cutting with high-power lasers", Proc. SPIE 3092, XI International Symposium on Gas Flow and Chemical Lasers and High-Power Laser Conference, (4 April 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.270183; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.270183
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