18 August 1997 Heavy-section welding with very high power laser beams: the challenge
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Proceedings Volume 3097, Lasers in Material Processing; (1997) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.281070
Event: Lasers and Optics in Manufacturing III, 1997, Munich, Germany
Abstract
The 45 kW CO2 laser system of Institut de Soudure was used to evaluate and explore the possibilities offered by the high power laser beams for welding different materials in various thickness and in different welding positions. Stainless steels, low carbon steels, aluminum and titanium alloys were studied. Butt joints in 10 to 35 mm thick plates were achieved and evaluated by radiographic, metallurgical and mechanical tests. Gaps and alignment tolerances were determined with and without filler wire in order to obtain acceptable welds concerning the weld geometry, the aspect on front and end root sides. The main problem raised by heavy section welding concerns weld porosity in the weld which increases drastically with the thickness of the weld. Indications are given on their origin and the way to proceed in order to better control them. Lastly some large parts, recently welded on the system, are presented and discussed before drawing some conclusions on the prospects of very high power laser welding.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jean-Claude Goussain, Jean-Claude Goussain, Ahim Becker, Ahim Becker, A. Chehaibou, A. Chehaibou, P. Leca, P. Leca, } "Heavy-section welding with very high power laser beams: the challenge", Proc. SPIE 3097, Lasers in Material Processing, (18 August 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.281070; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.281070
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