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24 September 1997 Low-cost optical temperature and strain sensing networks using in-line fiber gratings
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A cost-effectively designed polychromator using holographic grating as spectral dispersive element and CCD line array as detector is applied to the multiplexing of a many-element fiber grating sensor network for measuring temperature and stationary strain. The influence of intensity and polarization fluctuations in the superluminescent diode as a broadband light source, and in the fiber transmission lines as well have been minimized by reducing parasitic reflections and introducing depolarizing elements. Other error sources of the sensor read-out stability have been reduced by appropriate peak fitting procedures of the CCD pixel intensity distribution and by the consumption of mechanically stable sensor heads for temperature and strain sensing with low cross sensitivity. A special mounting technique allowing compensation of thermally induced Bragg wavelength shifts is used for obtaining a wavelength reference in the polychromator. Thus, stability of wavelength readout is only noise-limited with a rms value of about 0.2 pm and yields a resolution and stability for measurement of temperature <EQ 0.1 K and for stationary strain <EQ 0.l5 (mu) (epsilon) .
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Wolfgang Ecke, Hartmut Bartelt, Guenter Schwotzer, Kerstin Usbeck, Reinhardt Willsch, Siegfried Birkle, Thomas Bosselmann, and Peter Kraemmer "Low-cost optical temperature and strain sensing networks using in-line fiber gratings", Proc. SPIE 3099, Micro-optical Technologies for Measurement, Sensors, and Microsystems II and Optical Fiber Sensor Technologies and Applications, (24 September 1997);

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