11 July 1997 Identification of possible source craters for Martian meteorite ALH84001
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Abstract
Twelve meteorites are currently believed to be samples from the Martian surface. Eleven of these meteorites, called the shergottites, nakhlites, and chassignites (or SNC meteorites), have young formation ages (<EQ 1.3 X 109 yr). The twelfth Martian meteorite, ALH84001, is very ancient (4.5 X 109 yr). The differences in formation ages and composition suggest that these twelve meteorites came from at least two and possibly three or more different source craters on Mars. The eleven SNC meteorites are from a young volcanic area, likely the Tharsis Region in the western hemisphere of Mars. Previous studies have identified up to nine possible source craters for these meteorites. The old Martian meteorite, ALH84001, must be from the ancient terrain of Mars, which covers about 40% of the plane primarily in the southern hemisphere. A search through the 42,283-entry Catalog of Large Martian Impact Craters has produced 23 possible source craters, which upon further photogeologic analysis has been reduced to two strong candidates and six runners-up.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Nadine G. Barlow, "Identification of possible source craters for Martian meteorite ALH84001", Proc. SPIE 3111, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for the Investigation of Extraterrestrial Microorganisms, (11 July 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.278772; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.278772
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