15 October 1997 MAXI (monitor of all-sky x-ray image) for JEM on the Space Station
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Abstract
NASDA (National Space Development Agency of Japan) has selected MAXI as an early payload of the JEM (Japanese experiment module) Exposed Facility (EF) on the space station. MAXI is designed for all sky x-ray monitoring, and is the first astrophysical payload of four sets of equipment selected for JEM. MAXI will monitor the activities of about 1000 - 2000 x-ray sources. In the present design, MAXI is a slit scanning camera system which consists of two kinds of x-ray detectors; one with one-dimensional position sensitive proportional counters and the other with an x-ray CCD array employed for one-dimensional imaging. MAXI will be able to detect one milli-Crab x-ray sources in a few-day observations. The whole sky will be covered completely in every orbit of the space station. MAXI will be capable of monitoring variability of galactic and extragalactic sources on timescales of days with a sensitivity improvement of a factor of 5 or more over previous missions. NASDA and RIKEN have jointly begun the design and construction of MAXI. The payload will be ready for launch in 2003. In this paper we present the scientific objectives of MAXI, a basic design and some simulation results, after introducing the present status of JEM.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Masaru Matsuoka, Nobuyuki Kawai, Tatehiro Mihara, Atsumasa Yoshida, H. Kubo, Taro Kotani, Hitoshi Negoro, Brad C. Rubin, Hirohiko M. Shimizu, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Shunji Kitamoto, Emi Miyata, Makoto Yamauchi, "MAXI (monitor of all-sky x-ray image) for JEM on the Space Station", Proc. SPIE 3114, EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII, (15 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.278898; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.278898
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