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23 December 1997 Phase-retrieval algorithm for dual-polarization imaging in a ground-penetrating synthetic aperture radar satellite
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There are several important remote sensing applications where the development of Ground Penetrating Synthetic Aperture Radar (GPENSAR) is the logical approach, e.g., searching for buried military facilities, minefield mapping, survey of underground pipelines. Penetration of sufficient soil depth for useful results require a SAR to operate at VHF/UHF frequencies, e.g., 200 - 300 MHz. At these frequencies a satellite SAR will encounter substantial distortion in the double passage of the SAR signal through the ionosphere. One of the ionospheric distortions is equivalent the phase aberrations caused in imaging through the turbulent atmosphere, and the problem of phase retrieval for the GPENSAR becomes a necessity. For GPENSR there are imaging concepts that exploit dual polarization radiation of the SAR pulse. The phase retrieval problem then becomes one of compensation for the phase aberrations induced in each of the polarization components returned to the satellite receiver. We discuss the use of the two polarizations to cancel the ionospheric phase aberrations. Unfortunately, the resulting signal has only relative phase of the two polarizations. We discuss an algorithm for the retrieval of the absolute phase. The algorithm is based on an optimization approach. Although phase retrieval by optimization is difficult because of local minima, the retrieval of absolute phase in the dual polarization case is substantially less difficult, because the two polarizations constrain the solution sufficiently to eliminate many local minima.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Bobby R. Hunt and Peter T. Gough "Phase-retrieval algorithm for dual-polarization imaging in a ground-penetrating synthetic aperture radar satellite", Proc. SPIE 3120, Wideband Interferometric Sensing and Imaging Polarimetry, (23 December 1997);

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