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2 October 1997 Preparation and characterization of super-water-repellent Al2O3 coating films with high transparency
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Alumina thin films with a roughness of 20 to 50 nm were formed by immersing the porous alumina gel films prepared by the sol- gel method in boiling water. When hydrolyzed fluoroalkyltrimethoxysilane was coated on the alumina films, the films showed super-water-repellency and high transparency; the contact angle for water of the film was 165 degrees and the transmittance for visible light was higher than 92%. When the fluoroalkyltrimethoxysilane-coated thin films were heat- treated at temperatures higher than 500 degrees Celsius, the films became super-hydrophilic; the contact angle for water on the films was less than 5 degrees. It was shown the existence of air in the pores on the surface caused the super-water- repellency and that of water in the pores caused the super- hydrophilic property. The transparent, super water-repellent and super-hydrophilic coating films formed on glasses, metals, and ceramics have practical applications such as optical lenses, eye-glasses, cover glasses for solar cells, windshields of automobiles, and so on.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Tsutomu Minami, Noriko Katata, and Kiyoharu Tadanaga "Preparation and characterization of super-water-repellent Al2O3 coating films with high transparency", Proc. SPIE 3136, Sol-Gel Optics IV, (2 October 1997);

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