3 October 1997 Contactless two-stage solar concentrators for tubular absorber
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Abstract
Two new types of two-mirror solar concentrator for tubular receiver, the snail concentrator and the helmet concentrator , are presented. The main feature of these concentrators is that they have a sizable gap between the secondary mirror and the absorber, and they still achieve concentrations close to the thermodynamic limit with high collection efficiencies. This characteristic makes them unique and, on the contrary to the present two-stage designs, allows for the location of the secondary outside the evacuated tube. One of the differences between the snail and the helmet concentrators is that the last is symmetric (as the conventional parabolic trough) but the first is not. For an acceptance angle of (alpha) equals +/- 0.73 degs and a collection efficiency of 96.8% (i.e. 3.2% of the rays incident on the primary mirror within the acceptance angle are rejected), the snail concentrator and the helmet concentrator achieve an average flux concentration of 91.1% and 72.8% of the thermodynamic limit, respectively. The gap between the absorber and the secondary mirror is 6.8 and 12.1 times the absorber radius for each concentrator. Moreover, both concentrators have also high rim angles of the primary mirror: +/- 86.2 degs (helmet) and 3.1 - 98.8 degs (snail). This is of interest for a good mechanical stability of the collector.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Pablo Benitez, Juan Carlos Minano, Raphael Garcia, Ruben Mohedano Arroyo, "Contactless two-stage solar concentrators for tubular absorber", Proc. SPIE 3139, Nonimaging Optics: Maximum Efficiency Light Transfer IV, (3 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.290219; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.290219
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