1 December 1997 Two-photon absorption spectra of luminescent conducting polymers measured over wide spectral range
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Abstract
We report the two-photon absorption (TPA) spectra of poly(2,5-dibutoxy-p-phenylene acetylene) (PPA-DBO), poly(2,5-dioctyloxy-p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV-DOO), and poly(3-hexylthiophene) in the spectral range extending from 576 nm to 846 nm. Using the Z-scan technique on the polymers in solution, we measured a strong two-photon allowed transition in all three materials which we attribute to the mAg essential state. In the case of PPA-DBO and PPV-DOO, TPA peaks were coincident with dispersion in the nonlinear refractive indices as detected by reduced aperture Z scan. In all three polymers this peak occurs at approximately 1.3 the bandgap energy. The excitonic nature of the excited electronic states in PPA-DBO is indicated by the lack of a TPA band at or near the 1Bu exciton position. Saturation was observed in the nonlinear index of refraction near spectral peaks, as well as an apparent reverse Kramers- Kronig effect.
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Ron K. Meyer, Martin Liess, Robert E. Benner, Werner Gellermann, Z. Valy Vardeny, Masanori Ozaki, Katsumi Yoshino, Yi Wei Ding, Thomas J. Barton, "Two-photon absorption spectra of luminescent conducting polymers measured over wide spectral range", Proc. SPIE 3145, Optical Probes of Conjugated Polymers, (1 December 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.279279; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.279279
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