13 October 1997 High-bandwidth polymer in-line fiber modulator
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Abstract
We are developing a traveling electro-optic modulator for analog microwave modulated fiber optic links used in radar applications. The modulator is a polymer in-line fiber device that has a rugged and low loss interface to single mode fibers and can be engineered to provide linear modulation over a large dynamic range. In the development of the modulator we take advantage of a variety properties available in polymers. The ability to deposit a conformal electro-optic thin film is used to fill the gaps between high-frequency co-planar electrodes and thus obtain a good overlap between the electric field produced by the the microwave electrodes and the fields in the optical fiber and the electro-optic waveguide. Reactive ion etching of the electro-optic polymer is used to trim the thickness of the polymer waveguide to obtain operation at a specific wavelength. The thermo-optic effect is used to fine tune the operation point of the modulator to obtain a large dynamic range. The geometry of the modulator permits operation close to the absorption peak of the electro-optic polymer and this provides the opportunity to take advantage of the resonant enhancement of the nonlinearity in the vicinity of an absorption band.
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Andre Knoesen, Scott A. Hamilton, Diego R. Yankelevich, Robert T. Weverka, Richard A. Hill, Gary C. Bjorklund, "High-bandwidth polymer in-line fiber modulator", Proc. SPIE 3147, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials X, (13 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.279316; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.279316
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