13 October 1997 Quadrupoled materials for second-order nonlinear optics
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Abstract
We describe a new approach to second-order nonlinear optical materials, namely quadrupoling. This approach is valid in the regime of Kleinman (full permutation) symmetry breaking, and thus requires a two- or three dimensional microscopic nonlinearity at wavelengths away from material resonances. This "quadrupolar" nonlinearity arises from the second rank pseudotensor of the rotationally invariant representation of the second-order nonlinear optical tensor. We have experimentally investigated candidate molecules comprised of chiral camphorquinone derivatives by measuring the scalar invariant associated with the rank two pseudotensor using hyper-Rayleigh scattering. We have found sizable scalar figures of merit for several compounds using light for which the second harmonic wavelengths are greater than 100 nm longer than the absorption peak location. At these wavelengths, the quadrupolar scalar is as large as the polar (EFISH) scalar of p-nitroaniline. Prospects for applications are discussed.
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Steven F. Hubbard, Steven F. Hubbard, Rolfe G. Petschek, Rolfe G. Petschek, Kenneth D. Singer, Kenneth D. Singer, N. D'Sidocky, N. D'Sidocky, C. Hudson, C. Hudson, Liang-Chy Chien, Liang-Chy Chien, Craig C. Henderson, Craig C. Henderson, Paul A. Cahill, Paul A. Cahill, } "Quadrupoled materials for second-order nonlinear optics", Proc. SPIE 3147, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials X, (13 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.290252; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.290252
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