1 November 1997 Quantitative aspects of coherent hard x-ray imaging: Talbot images and holographic reconstruction
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Free space propagation or Fresnel diffraction is an effective method to sense the phase modulation of hard x-ray beams. We use the variation with propagation distanced of the diffraction pattern both to study periodic objects and to handle the inverse problem, i.e. to extract information on the phase and amplitude of the transmitted wave from the intensity distribution in the defocused images. The 'Talbot effect', a special manifestation of Fresnel diffraction, implies that the intensity distribution of coherent light transmitted through a periodic object is periodic both in the direction of the object periodicity and in the propagation direction. We have performed a first investigation of the Talbot effect for hard x-rays on two phase gratings. Apart from a lateral shift of a/2, identical intensity distributions are ideally expected in two recording planes a distance a2/(lambda) apart. Actually, a decrease of contrast occurs as a result of the partial coherence of the incident beam, providing a measure of the degree of coherence. Focus variation, as applied in transmission electron microscopy, consists in recording at different d a series of images which are combined through a suitable algorithm to reconstruct the phase modulation introduced by a polymer fiber from the experimental data.
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Peter Cloetens, Peter Cloetens, Jean-Pierre Guigay, Jean-Pierre Guigay, Concetta De Martino, Concetta De Martino, Murielle Pateyron-Salome, Murielle Pateyron-Salome, Michel Schlenker, Michel Schlenker, Dirk Van Dyck, Dirk Van Dyck, } "Quantitative aspects of coherent hard x-ray imaging: Talbot images and holographic reconstruction", Proc. SPIE 3154, Coherent Electron-Beam X-Ray Sources: Techniques and Applications, (1 November 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.293359; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.293359


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