3 October 1997 W-band micro-fabricated modular klystrons
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Abstract
Conventional CW millimeter amplifiers (coupled-cavity TWTs or gyro-klystrons) are limited in power by the maximum current hat can be accommodated in a single beam. Cathode current density, beam optics, and the magnetic field necessary to confine the beam, combine to limit beam current and add cost and bulk to the device. If the microwave source is designed as a pulsed klystron operating at a high voltage, larger lateral as well as axial dimensions can be employed. Beam optics become easier and permanent magnet periodic focusing is possible. A higher efficiency also results, because of the low perveance. A number of klystrons can then be fabricated on single substrate, using a deep- etch lithography technique. They can be water-cooled individually, and operated in parallel. Several such modules can be stacked to form a klystron `brick,' requiring a relatively low voltage for the peak and average power produced. The `brick' can be provided with a single output, or with individual, spatially-combined radiators. The design of a 4 X 10 X 1.5-inch module producing 500 kW peak, 500 W average at 91 GHz, and operating at 120 kV, 10 A, will be described.
© (1997) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
George Caryotakis, Erik N. Jongewaard, Robert L. Kustom, Neville C. Luhmann, Michael I. Petelin, Glenn P. Scheitrum, A. Vlieks, "W-band micro-fabricated modular klystrons", Proc. SPIE 3158, Intense Microwave Pulses V, (3 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.284008; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.284008
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