2 January 1998 Noise sources in fiber optic rotation sensors: system analysis
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Proceedings Volume 3211, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics: Selected Papers from Photonics India '96; (1998) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.345571
Event: International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics: Selected Papers from Photonics India '96, 1996, Madras, India
Abstract
An ideal fiber optic rotation rate sensor is shot noise limited. In present day technology, the maximum power that can be received at the detector end of the sensor is of the order of 1 to 10 µw. This corresponds to a minimum detectable rotation rate of 0.1 deg/hr to 0.035 deg/hr for a sensing coil length of 500 meters and radius 10 cm, operated at 1.3 µm wavelength. However a practical rotation sensor is limited by thermal noise of the load resistance, back scattering noise in optical fiber, polarization induced noise, source intensity noise and noise in processing electronics. These noise sources cause long term offset at sensor output resulting in drift. We have analyzed and estimated the various noise sources with an objective to achieve optimum performance of a fiber optic rotation sensor. The noise equivalent rotation rate due to various sources has been calculated for different values of optical power, wavelength of operation, length of the fiber and detection bandwidth. Polarization filtering, coherence length of the optical sources, phase modulator amplitude and frequency stability were analyzed to yield optimal system performance. Other effects which cause drift in rotation sensor such as Faraday effect and Kerr effect have also been considered.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jagannath Nayak, Jagannath Nayak, P. Banerjee, P. Banerjee, Ananth Selvarajan, Ananth Selvarajan, "Noise sources in fiber optic rotation sensors: system analysis", Proc. SPIE 3211, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics: Selected Papers from Photonics India '96, (2 January 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.345571; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.345571
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