This paper shows basic concepts for the application and integration of arrayed waveguide grating multiplexers (AWGM) in larger network topologies. Stations are directly connected the AWGM in a physical star topology. The architecture offers the possibility to evolve from unidirectional logical ring structures to a fully meshed interconnection. The number of input and output ports of the AWGM has to be a prime number in order to avoid subrings that do not connect all stations. Several possible topologies to incorporate AWGM into multihop networks are considered. A new multihop architecture in the shape of a soccer ball is proposed.
"PrimeNet: network design based on arrayed waveguide grating multiplexers", Proc. SPIE 3234, Design and Manufacturing of WDM Devices, (1 February 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.300935; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.300935