The decay of two-pulse nutational echo has been experimentally investigated in S equals 1/2 spin systems (E' centers in silica) at microwave frequency. We have found that damping is well described by single exponential decay function. When the time delay between the pulses increases the measured echo amplitude decreases with the decay rate of 1/T1, as expected from a T1-T2 model (Bloch model), and does not depend on the Rabi frequency (chi) . But with increasing of the first pulse duration t1 the measured decay rate depends on (chi) linearly. Theoretical calculations within the high-field Torrey approximation give linear dependence of the decay rate on (chi) with increasing of the duration t1. The agreement between the theoretical and experimental results is only qualitative. We assume that the strong difference between the theoretical prediction and the observed (chi) -dependence of the decay is caused by the frequency noise of the microwave radiation.
V. S. Kuz'min,
G. G. Fedoruk,
"Two-pulse nutational echo in spin systems", Proc. SPIE 3239, Photon Echo and Coherent Spectroscopy, (26 September 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.287669; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.287669