19 May 1998 Enhancement of 5-aminolevulinic-acid-induced photodynamic therapy using light-dose fractionation and iron-chelating agents
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Preliminary clinical studies of 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) induced photodynamic therapy (PDT) with the maximum tolerated oral dose (60 mg/kg), currently appear to only produce limited amounts of necrosis. We have studied ways of increasing this effect without increasing the drug dose. In normal, female, Wistar rats we have found it possible to increase the area of necrosis produced in the colon substantially by simply interrupting the light dose (25 J, 635 nm, 100 mW) for a short period of time, while all other variables are kept constant. It is possible to cause up to four times more necrosis with a dose of 200 mg/kg ALA i.v. by introducing a single 150 second interval which splits the light dose into two fractions after 5 J has been delivered. We have found these parameters to be optimal for this dose. Likewise, in the same model, the effect of the iron chelating agent, CP94, was also investigated and we have found it possible to produce three times the area of necrosis with the simultaneous administration of 100 mg/kg CP94 i.v. and 50 mg/kg ALA i.v. We have therefore shown, that it is possible to significantly increase the effects of ALA induced PDT without increasing the administered dose of ALA by utilizing these techniques.
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Alison Curnow, Alison Curnow, Matthew J. Postle-Hacon, Matthew J. Postle-Hacon, Alexander J. MacRobert, Alexander J. MacRobert, Stephen G. Bown, Stephen G. Bown, } "Enhancement of 5-aminolevulinic-acid-induced photodynamic therapy using light-dose fractionation and iron-chelating agents", Proc. SPIE 3247, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detections: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy VII, (19 May 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.308139; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.308139

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