A new combined Laser and Ultrasound Surgical Therapy (LUST) device for an endoscopically suitable coagulation and tissue fragmentation based on the transmission of laser radiation and ultrasound via flexible silica glass fibers was developed at the LMTB. The ultrasound tissue interaction is based on the well-known CUSA-technology, which enables the surgeon to cut various types of tissue with different degrees of effectiveness. This selective cutting performance is a very useful feature, e.g. for a brain tumor extirpation, where it must be guaranteed that vessels and nerves are not affected while ensuring a fast reduction of the tumor mass. Application fields are in oncology, neurosurgery and angioplasty. The laser radiation can be used for tissue coagulation purposes and homeostasis. With a fiber based LUST-system working at a resonance frequency of 30 kHz, using a laser-vibrometer, velocity amplitudes of up to 20 m/s could be detected at the distal end which corresponds to an elongation of more than 100 micrometers . The investigations have shown that the velocity amplitude, next to suction, frequency and cross section of the active fiber tip, has the greatest impact on the fragmentation rate. With a suction setting of 5 W, the following tissue fragmentation rates could be achieved with a 1.3 mm2 fiber cross section and a tip amplitude velocity of 12 m/s: brain tissue 50 mg/s, liver 4,5 mg/s and kidney 4 mg/s. Laser radiation up to 25 watt was sufficient to coagulate soft tissue. This new approach in developing an application system for the therapeutical use of laser radiation and ultrasound via optical waveguides offers new possibilities in minimally invasive surgery, providing a complete new working sphere for the surgeon. The flexible opto-acoustic waveguide (400 - 1700 micrometers ) can be bent making areas accessible which were inaccessible before. The surgeon can use the laser radiation for tissue coagulation or cutting and the ultrasound for tissue fragmentation and tissue reduction without changing the instrumentation.