26 March 1998 Array biosensor for multianalyte sensing
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Proceedings Volume 3258, Micro- and Nanofabricated Structures and Devices for Biomedical Environmental Applications; (1998) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.304363
Event: BiOS '98 International Biomedical Optics Symposium, 1998, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
As biosensors become more sophisticated and commercially available, the general appreciation for their capabilities also increases. We now focus on multi-analyte sensors and address the problems inherent in discriminating multiple simultaneous signals without loss in assay speed, specificity or sensitivity. Furthermore, the goals of portability, simplicity and low cost have not diminished in importance. NRL is developing a multi-analyte sensor designed to be portable, inexpensive, and easy to use. To achieve these goals, we use a room temperature CCD, a diode laser, and a disposable waveguide. While our goals of using automated fluidics and automated image processing are not yet completely realized, we have fabricated a prototype biosensor which fits into a tackle box with a associated portable computer. Simple microscope slides are used as waveguides and precoated with arrays of immobilized antibodies. Fluorescence immunoassays are performed on these waveguides using as many as 6 samples at a time and assaying for up to 5 different analytes in each samples Sensitivities in the 1-10 ng/ml range have been achieved in 10-minute assays. Initial studies in clinical fluids indicate that assays can be run on samples such as whole blood, plasma, urine, saliva and nasal secretions.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Frances S. Ligler, Frances S. Ligler, David W. Conrad, David W. Conrad, Joel P. Golden, Joel P. Golden, Mark J. Feldstein, Mark J. Feldstein, Brian D. MacCraith, Brian D. MacCraith, Stephanie D. Balderson, Stephanie D. Balderson, Joseph Czarnaski, Joseph Czarnaski, Chris A. Rowe-Taitt, Chris A. Rowe-Taitt, } "Array biosensor for multianalyte sensing", Proc. SPIE 3258, Micro- and Nanofabricated Structures and Devices for Biomedical Environmental Applications, (26 March 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.304363; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.304363
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