8 July 1998 Simultaneous two-photon excitation of photodynamic therapy agents
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Abstract
The spectroscopic and photochemical properties of several photosensitive compounds are compared using conventional single-photon excitation (SPE) and simultaneous two-photon excitation (TPE). TPE is achieved using a mode-locked titanium:sapphire laser, the near infrared output of which allows direct promotion of non-resonant TPE. Excitation spectra and excited state properties of both type I and type II photodynamic therapy (PDT) agents are examined. In general, while SPE and TPE selection rules may be somewhat different, the excited state photochemical properties are equivalent for both modes of excitation. In vitro promotion of a two-photon photodynamic effect is demonstrated using bacterial and human breast cancer models. These results suggest that use of TPE may be beneficial for PDT, since the technique allows replacement of visible or ultraviolet excitation with non- damaging near infrared light. Further, a comparison of possible excitation sources for TPE indicates that the titanium:sapphire laser is exceptionally well suited for non- linear excitation of PDT agents in biological systems due to its extremely short pulse width and high repetition rate; these features combine to effect efficient PDT activation with minimal potential for non-specific biological damage.
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Eric A. Wachter, Eric A. Wachter, W. P. Partridge, W. P. Partridge, Walter G. Fisher, Walter G. Fisher, Craig Dees, Craig Dees, Mark G. Petersen, Mark G. Petersen, } "Simultaneous two-photon excitation of photodynamic therapy agents", Proc. SPIE 3269, Commercial Applications of Ultrafast Lasers, (8 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.312332; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.312332
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