20 April 1998 Assembly and packaging of liquid-crystal-on-silicon displays
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This paper reviews the assembly and packaging of miniature liquid-crystal-on-silicon (LCOS) displays. Reflective-mode LCOS displays require thin cell gaps with strict tolerances - a difficult optoelectronics assembly problem. Important assembly and packaging considerations include the substrate thermal properties, substrate flatness and packaging chronology. Two approaches are described: spatial light modulator assembly using self-pulling solder reflow and wafer scale display assembly using photo-definable resins. Simulation and experimental results are summarized.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Peter T. Kazlas, Peter T. Kazlas, Kristina M. Johnson, Kristina M. Johnson, Yung-Cheng Lee, Yung-Cheng Lee, Saeed Hareb, Saeed Hareb, } "Assembly and packaging of liquid-crystal-on-silicon displays", Proc. SPIE 3289, Micro-Optics Integration and Assemblies, (20 April 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.305491; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.305491

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