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12 March 1998 Fast algorithm for detection of camera motion
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Abstract
Most image analysis/understanding applications require accurate computation of camera motion parameters. However, in multimedia applications, particularly in video parsing, the exact camera motion parameters such as the panning and/or zooming rates are not needed. The detection--i.e., a binary decision--of camera motion is all that is required to avoid declaring a false scene change. As camera motions can induce false scene changes for video parsing algorithms, we propose a fast algorithm to detect such camera motions: camera zoom and pan. As the algorithm is only expected produce a binary decision, without the exact panning/zooming rates, the proposed algorithm runs on a reduced data set, namely the projection data. The algorithm begins with a central portion of the image and computes the projection data (or the line integrals along the x- or y-axis) to turn the 2D image data into a 1D data. This projected 1D data is further processed via correlation processing to detect camera zoom and pan. Working with projection data saves processing time by an order of magnitude, since for instance, a 2D correlation takes N2 multiplies per point, however a 1D correlation takes N multiplies per point. The efficacy of the proposed algorithm is tested for a number of image sequences and the algorithm is shown to be successful in detecting camera motions. The proposed algorithm is expected to be beneficial for video parsers working with Motion-JPEG data stream where motion vectors are not available.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Hyeokman Kim, Tae-Hoon Kwon, Woonkyung Michael Kim, Byung-Do Rhee, and Samuel Moon-Ho Song "Fast algorithm for detection of camera motion", Proc. SPIE 3303, Real-Time Imaging III, (12 March 1998); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.302417
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