6 April 1998 Adaptive neighborhood filters for color image filtering
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Proceedings Volume 3304, Nonlinear Image Processing IX; (1998); doi: 10.1117/12.304609
Event: Photonics West '98 Electronic Imaging, 1998, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
Various nonlinear, fixed-neighborhood techniques for filtering color images based on local statistics have been proposed in the literature. We present adaptive neighborhood filtering (ANF) techniques for noise removal in color images. The main idea is to find for each pixel in the image (called the 'seed' when being processed) a variable-shaped, variable-sized neighborhood that contains only pixels that are similar to the seed. Then, statistics computed using pixels within the adaptive neighborhood are used to derive the filter output. Results of the ANF techniques are compared with those given by a few multivariate fixed-neighborhood filters: the double- window modified trimmed-mean filter, the generalized vector directional filter -- double-window -- (alpha) -trimmed mean filter, the adaptive hybrid multivariate filter, and the adaptive non-parametric filter with Gaussian kernel. It is shown that the ANF techniques provide the best visual results, effectively suppressing noise while not blurring edges. The ANF results are also the best in terms of objective measures (such as normalized mean-squared error and normalized color difference).
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mihai Ciuc, Rangaraj M. Rangayyan, Titus Zaharia, Vasile V. Buzuloiu, "Adaptive neighborhood filters for color image filtering", Proc. SPIE 3304, Nonlinear Image Processing IX, (6 April 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.304609; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.304609
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KEYWORDS
Digital filtering

Image filtering

Optical filters

Gaussian filters

Nonlinear filtering

Image processing

Statistical analysis

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