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27 July 1998 Microcontroller-based implementation of adaptive structural control
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An adaptive filtering technique is developed for the control of structures with lightly damped modes. The technique is based on a feedback control strategy that uses tuned second- order filters to add damping to structural resonances. A single-mode system is analyzed to determine the effect of the filter parameters on the closed-loop structural damping. The analysis demonstrates that the closed-loop damping is linearly related to the filter damping for gain margins greater than two and that the closed-loop damping is highly sensitive to changes in the filter frequency. The sensitivity of the closed-damping to errors in the filter frequency motivates the use of a phase-lock loop to identify the structural frequency during transient vibration. The feedback compensator is implemented on a digitally- programmable analog filter whose parameters are set by a microcontroller. The adaptive algorithm is demonstrated on a flexible composite beam with a variable tip mass. Adding or subtracting mass to the tip of the beam varies the first structural mode from 24 Hz to 11 Hz. Control experiments demonstrate that the closed-loop damping is reduced from 21% to 4% critical when the filter parameters are not adapted to the structural frequency. In contrast, the adaptive filter is able to maintain between 14% and 21% critical damping in the structural mode as the frequency varies from 24 Hz to 11 Hz.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Donald J. Leo and Steven Fulton Griffin "Microcontroller-based implementation of adaptive structural control", Proc. SPIE 3329, Smart Structures and Materials 1998: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (27 July 1998);

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