26 June 1998 Implementation of an oblique-sectioning visualization tool for line-of-sight stereotactic neurosurgical navigation using the AVW toolkit
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Abstract
An important clinical application of biomedical imaging and visualization techniques is provision of image guided neurosurgical planning and navigation techniques using interactive computer display systems in the operating room. Current systems provide interactive display of orthogonal images and 3D surface or volume renderings integrated with and guided by the location of a surgical probe. However, structures in the 'line-of-sight' path which lead to the surgical target cannot be directly visualized, presenting difficulty in obtaining full understanding of the 3D volumetric anatomic relationships necessary for effective neurosurgical navigation below the cortical surface. Complex vascular relationships and histologic boundaries like those found in artereovenous malformations (AVM's) also contribute to the difficulty in determining optimal approaches prior to actual surgical intervention. These difficulties demonstrate the need for interactive oblique imaging methods to provide 'line-of-sight' visualization. Capabilities for 'line-of- sight' interactive oblique sectioning are present in several current neurosurgical navigation systems. However, our implementation is novel, in that it utilizes a completely independent software toolkit, AVW (A Visualization Workshop) developed at the Mayo Biomedical Imaging Resource, integrated with a current neurosurgical navigation system, the COMPASS stereotactic system at Mayo Foundation. The toolkit is a comprehensive, C-callable imaging toolkit containing over 500 optimized imaging functions and structures. The powerful functionality and versatility of the AVW imaging toolkit provided facile integration and implementation of desired interactive oblique sectioning using a finite set of functions. The implementation of the AVW-based code resulted in higher-level functions for complete 'line-of-sight' visualization.
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Lisa M. Bates, Dennis P. Hanson, Bruce A. Kall, Frederic B. Meyer, Richard A. Robb, "Implementation of an oblique-sectioning visualization tool for line-of-sight stereotactic neurosurgical navigation using the AVW toolkit", Proc. SPIE 3335, Medical Imaging 1998: Image Display, (26 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.312495; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.312495
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