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24 June 1998 Application of image analysis techniques to distinguish benign from malignant solitary pulmonary nodules imaged on CT
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The purpose of this research is to characterize solitary pulmonary nodules as benign or malignant based on quantitative measures extracted from high resolution CT images. High resolution CT images of 17 patients with solitary pulmonary nodules and definitive diagnoses were obtained. The diagnoses of these 17 cases (11 benign and 6 malignant) were determined from either radiologic follow-up or pathological specimens. On the HRCT images, solitary nodules were identified using semiautomated contouring techniques. From the resulting contours, several quantitative measures are extracted related to the nodule's size, shape, density and texture. A stepwise discriminant analysis was performed to determine which combination of measures are best able to discriminate between the benign and malignant nodules. Using several selected features, a linear discriminant analysis was performed on the 17 cases. The preliminary discriminant analysis identified two different texture measures as the top features in discriminating between benign and malignant nodules. The linear discriminant analysis using these features correctly classified 16/17 cases (94.1%) of the training set. A less biased estimate, using jackknifed training and testing yielded 15/17 cases (88.2%) correctly classified. The preliminary results of this approach are very promising in characterizing solitary nodules using quantitative measures extracted from HRCT images.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michael F. McNitt-Gray, Eric M. Hart M.D., Nathaniel Wyckoff, James W. Sayre, Jonathan G. Goldin, and Denise R. Aberle "Application of image analysis techniques to distinguish benign from malignant solitary pulmonary nodules imaged on CT", Proc. SPIE 3338, Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing, (24 June 1998);

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