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24 June 1998 Combining extraction and 3D reconstruction of vessel center lines in biplane subtraction angiography
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Segmentation and 3D reconstruction of vessel center lines from subtraction angiography is difficult because of noise, an uneven distribution of the contrast agent, and bone structures concealing the vessels. In biplane images, some ambiguities in segmentation in one of the images can be resolved using image information from the other image. Images are first processed separately. A-priori vessel probabilities are computed using the grey value in the image. Gradients and second derivatives are computed using gaussian derivatives. Subsequently, 3D reconstruction is carried out in a line-by-line fashion between user-specified base lines on both images. The user is asked to point out corresponding vessel cross-sections on the frontal and lateral image. 3D locations are computed. Between adjacent 3D locations, intermediate 3D locations are estimated iteratively using location, curvature and size of the previously computed 3D vessel cross-section. The estimates are optimized evaluating local attributes in the two projection images, such as the grey level, the gradient and the closeness to the initial estimate. WE applied the method for the reconstruction of artificial and real structures. The artificial object consisted of metal wires with sizes ranging between 1 and 5 mm. Various parts of the structure were extracted and reconstructed successfully. Reconstructing center lines from real images was more difficult because of the image degrading influences. Structures with a size of about 1 mm were extracted and reconstructed successfully even though they were barely visible. The amount of user interaction depended on the visibility of the structures in the two images.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Klaus D. Toennies, Luca Remonda, and David Koster "Combining extraction and 3D reconstruction of vessel center lines in biplane subtraction angiography", Proc. SPIE 3338, Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing, (24 June 1998);

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