24 June 1998 Evaluation of scatter correction methods using Monte Carlo simulation in nonuniform media
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The detection of scattered photons affects both image quality and accuracy of quantitation accuracy in Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT). The aim of this work was to evaluate three scatter correction methods: Jaszczak subtraction, the triple energy window method and an artificial neural network based approach. This evaluation was performed not only in terms of contrast and spatial resolution but also in terms of absolute and relative quantitation. A Monte Carlo simulation of an anthropomorphic cardiac phantom allowed us to obtain a realistic SPECT study while knowing the primary (non scattered) photon distribution. The knowledge of the primary activity made possible the study of the effect of scatter alone independently on all other phenomena affecting quantitation. The quantitative error propagation between the projections and the reconstructed slices due to scatter was studied as well as resolution, contrast and uniformity recoveries in the corrected images. The results show that an artificial neural network achieved the best scatter correction both in terms of relative (gives the same uniformity as in the primary distribution) and absolute quantitation (error < 4%) and resolution. The triple energy window method led to good quantitation (error < 8%) and contrast results but poorer resolution recovery than the artificial neural network based approach. Jaszczak subtraction yielded good quantitation (error < 7%) but introduced severe non uniformities in the image (decrease of the uniformity by 35%).
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Georges El Fakhri, Georges El Fakhri, Philippe Maksud, Philippe Maksud, Andre Aurengo, Andre Aurengo, } "Evaluation of scatter correction methods using Monte Carlo simulation in nonuniform media", Proc. SPIE 3338, Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing, (24 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.310913; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.310913

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