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24 June 1998 Performance of multiresolution pattern classifiers in medical image encoding from wavelet coefficient distributions
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Abstract
The fidelity of the reconstructed image in an image coding/decoding scheme and the lowest transmission bit rate from rate-distortion theory can be predicted provided the image statistics are known. Currently popular subband image coding assumes Gaussian source with memory for optimal performance. However, most images do not follow the ideal distribution. The advantage of subband coding lies in the fact that the wavelet coefficients in decomposed subimages have probability distribution functions (pdf's) that can be modeled as a generalized Gaussian when proper parameters are chosen experimentally. However, the filter length chosen for digital implementation of a specific wavelet is crucial in shaping the pdf characteristics and hence in the ability to predict the achievable bit rate at minimum distortion in a quantization scheme. We have analyzed the pdf's of a number of wavelets and chosen filter lengths providing the best fit to a generalized Gaussian distribution for encoding an image by vector quantization of multiresolution wavelet subimages using an adaptive clustering. Our results demonstrate that the performance of the adaptive vector quantizer improves significantly when wavelet filter lengths are chosen to fit the generalized Gaussian distribution.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sunanda Mitra, Mark Wilson, and Sastry Kompella "Performance of multiresolution pattern classifiers in medical image encoding from wavelet coefficient distributions", Proc. SPIE 3338, Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing, (24 June 1998); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.310899
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