14 September 1998 Model of laser-induced material removal of polymers and gas dynamics
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Proceedings Volume 3343, High-Power Laser Ablation; (1998) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.321529
Event: High-Power Laser Ablation, 1998, Santa Fe, NM, United States
Abstract
A model is built up to describe the effects of the laser- induced material removal of polymers and the dynamics of the volatile species. The heating and removal are described by the volume-heating of the irradiated polymer due to the absorption of laser radiation within the optical penetration depth and a phase transition from the condensed to the gas state of the polymer. The delivered energy due to the absorption of laser radiation is distributed to the different channels of decomposition in accordance to the temperature. The dynamics of the volatile species is calculated by the use of the Euler equations (non-dissipative continuum mechanical equations of the conservation laws of mass, momentum and energy). The flow field pattern of the gas phase (density, velocity, and pressure) during the material removal of PE, PP and PMMA and the depth of material removal per pulse are calculated. The maximum pressure for PMMA exceeds the one for PE, which exceeds the one of PP. This is attributed to the optical penetration depth of the three polymers. The depth of material removal increases with increasing fluence this effect is strongest for PP followed by PE and smallest for PMMA.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mirko Aden, David A. Wesner, Ernst-Wolfgang Kreutz, Reinhart Poprawe, "Model of laser-induced material removal of polymers and gas dynamics", Proc. SPIE 3343, High-Power Laser Ablation, (14 September 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.321529; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.321529
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