24 July 1998 PRIMA: study for a dual-beam instrument for the VLT Interferometer
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Abstract
PRIMA (instrument for Phase-Referenced Imaging and Microarcsecond Astrometry) is a conceptual study for a single-baseline dual-feed instrument for the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI), which is under construction by the European Southern Observatory on Cerro Paranal in Chile. The goals of PRIMA include narrow-angle astrometry with a precision of 10 μas over an arc of 10", and imaging of faint sources with the full sensitivity of the 8 m telescopes in the VLT array. Key scientific programs that can be carried out with PRIMA in imaging mode include observations of active galactic nuclei, the Galactic Center, stars, and circumstellar matter. Scientific drivers for the astrometry are searches for planets and low-mass stellar companions, binary stars, dynamics of clusters, and (relative) parallaxes. We list the main performance requirements for PRIMA, present system architectures for the dual-beam system, and discuss limitations of the interferometric field-of-view.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Andreas Quirrenbach, Vincent Coude du Foresto, Gerard Daigne, Karl-Heinz Hofmann, Reiner Hofmann, Mario G. Lattanzi, R. Osterbart, Rudolf S. le Poole, Didier Queloz, and Farrokh Vakili "PRIMA: study for a dual-beam instrument for the VLT Interferometer", Proc. SPIE 3350, Astronomical Interferometry, (24 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.317149; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.317149
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