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21 August 1998 4x32 FIRGA array: a pacesetter for a 52x32-element gallium arsenide focal plane array
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Abstract
FIRST and SOFIA are both future IR observatories with 3m class main mirrors having sophisticated instrumentation aboard. The present design of the FIRST imaging spectrometer PACS requires two large far-IR photoconductor arrays of 25 X 16 pixels each, the baseline material is stressed and unstressed Ge:Ga. A gallium arsenide photoconductive detector which is sensitive in the far IR (FIR) wavelength range from about 60 micrometers to 300 micrometers might offer the advantage of extending considerably the long wavelength cut- off of presently available photodetectors. FIRGA is an ESA sponsored detector development program on this matter involving international partners. The aim is a monolithic 4 X 32 demonstrator array module with associated cryogenic read-out electronics. Recent progress in material research has led to the production of Te-doped n-type GaAs layers using liquid phase epitaxy. We prepared sample detectors from those material and investigated their electrical and IR characteristics. First measurements indicate that GaAs has in principle considerable potential as a FIR photon detector. Theoretical modeling of GaAs detectors can help with the detector design and allows the prediction of response transients as a function of detector parameters. Present development activities are mainly concentration on material research, i.e. the production of GaAs:Te with improved FIR characteristics. Results of the current test and measurements are reported. The FIRGA study is intended to prepare the technology for large 2D GaAs detector arrays for far IR astronomy.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Reinhard O. Katterloher, Lothar Barl, Jeffrey W. Beeman, Erwin Czech, Detlef Engemann, Otto Frenzl, Nancy M. Haegel, Eugene E. Haller, Thomas Henning, Lou Hermans, Gerd Jakob, Mitsuharu Konuma, and Goeran L. Pilbratt "4x32 FIRGA array: a pacesetter for a 52x32-element gallium arsenide focal plane array", Proc. SPIE 3354, Infrared Astronomical Instrumentation, (21 August 1998); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.317301
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