21 August 1998 Prospects for large-format IR astronomy FPAs using MBE-grown HgCdTe detectors with cutoff wavelength > 4 μm
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Abstract
Rockwell Science Center has developed a double layer planar heterostructure (DLPH) detector array fabrication process with significant advantages over the PACE-1 process now being used to produce 256 X 256 and 1024 X 1024 FPAs for low background IR astronomy. The DLPH detectors are p- on-n photodiodes fabricated in a double layer of wide and narrow bandgap HgCdTe grown by molecular beam epitaxy on CdZnTe substrates. The double layer structure provides superior surface passivation while the lattice matched CdZnTe substrate reduces the defect density. DLPH FPAs have been fabricated in array sizes up to 640 X 480 and with cutoff wavelengths as long as 15 micrometers . Quantum efficiencies are typically in the 0.5 to 0.8 range. For a 256 X 256 array DLPH detectors with 5.3 micrometers cutoff wavelength at 50K, the median dark current was 0.39 e-/sec at 0.5V reverse bias. For 7 of 17 individual DLPH detector with 10.6 micrometers cutoff at 30K, the dark current was less than 104 e-/sec at 20 mV bias. For long cutoff wavelengths, the detector breakdown voltage is too low to permit signal integration directly on the reverse biased detector capacitance. Such detectors require a readout circuit that maintains the detector near zero bias and provides a separate capacitor to store the integrated signal.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Robert B. Bailey, Robert B. Bailey, Jose M. Arias, Jose M. Arias, William V. McLevige, William V. McLevige, John G. Pasko, John G. Pasko, Annie Chi-yi Chen, Annie Chi-yi Chen, Craig A. Cabelli, Craig A. Cabelli, Lester J. Kozlowski, Lester J. Kozlowski, Kadri Vural, Kadri Vural, Jian Wu, Jian Wu, William J. Forrest, William J. Forrest, Judith L. Pipher, Judith L. Pipher, } "Prospects for large-format IR astronomy FPAs using MBE-grown HgCdTe detectors with cutoff wavelength > 4 μm", Proc. SPIE 3354, Infrared Astronomical Instrumentation, (21 August 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.317331; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.317331
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