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28 August 1998 Passive thermal control of the NGST
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Abstract
Preliminary studies of passively cooling the NGST utilizing a lightweight deployable subshield are described. The NGST mission concept of a passively-cooled large-aperture optical telescope is unique from any other mission flown to date. We show that achieving operational temperatures of less than 50 K appears feasible by passive cooling alone through a combination of (i) operating the observatory far from the Earth so that the Sun becomes the only significant source of environmental heating, (ii) selecting an observatory configuration that isolates all significant heat dissipation from the cold telescope, and (iii) employing a high performance sunshield to attenuate the incident solar radiation. The observatory configuration consists of the sunshield with cold telescope and instrument elements on the anti-sun side, and warm spacecraft avionics and propulsion elements on the sun-side of the sunshield. A sunshield thermal configuration trade study, preliminary telescope thermal analyses, and a mechanical concept for a lightweight deployable sunshield are presented. Also discussed are the remaining issues to be addressed.
© (1998) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Charles M. Perrygo, Michael Choi, Keith Alan Parrish, R. Greg Schunk, Diane Stanley, and Eve M. Wooldridge "Passive thermal control of the NGST", Proc. SPIE 3356, Space Telescopes and Instruments V, (28 August 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.324510; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.324510
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