31 July 1998 Research on submillimeter-wave hot-electron bolometer mixers in Europe
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Abstract
In this paper is given an overview of hot-electron superconducting mixers for submillimeter wave applications with emphasis on results obtained in Europe. The two competing types of mixers, the phonon cooled and the diffusion cooled, are described. A calculation scheme for the mixer conversion properties is presented based on data extracted from pumped and unpumped IV-characteristics. The generation of image frequency terms is discussed. Finally some state of the art results are presented.
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Erik L. Kollberg, Harald F. Merkel, Pavel A. Yagoubov, "Research on submillimeter-wave hot-electron bolometer mixers in Europe", Proc. SPIE 3357, Advanced Technology MMW, Radio, and Terahertz Telescopes, (31 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.317369; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.317369
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